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Zoom R16 - Converting 44.1 to 48 kHz Sample Rate in Reaper

Posted: Mon Mar 19, 2018 9:24 am
by Emelody
Hi all:

It's been a while since I've logged in... decided to record a single and will be going to the studio, very soon. I was thinking of recording vocals with the R16 and taking the tracks to the studio for mixing. My only doubt is that the R16 is set at 44.1 kHz. Is it safe to convert the .WAV files to 48kHz on Reaper? Any specific settings to keep in mind when rendering the tracks?

Thanks.

Re: Zoom R16 - Converting 44.1 to 48 kHz Sample Rate in Reaper

Posted: Mon Mar 19, 2018 12:32 pm
by Jim_Fogle
I would not convert as there is no benefit for you or the mixing studio.

A professional studio should be able to import your files into their DAW or video editor without needing the files to be converted. 44.1 KHz is an audio standard while 48 KHz is a video standard. Every DAW and video editor I know of can work with both. Typically, file conversion is only performed one time and is the last step in the process since conversion adds some distortion and can create audible artifacts when not performed correctly.

A more important question is what bit depth did you select for your recordings? The R16 can record either 16‑bit or 24‑bit files even though the sample rate is fixed at the audio standard of 44.1kHz. Whenever possible you should record 24-bit audio files. That will provide the mixing studio with more than 250 times as much resolution as providing them the same file recorded at 16 bit depth.

A good overview of sample rate and bit depth is available at Tweakheadz: http://tweakheadz.com/16-bit-vs-24-bit-audio/

But what if the audio files are 16-bit depth, should you go back and re-record them at 24-bit depth? No. If you're satisfied with the recordings then let them be. The mixing studio can work with them. Here is an opinion from Sound-On-Sound magazine: https://www.soundonsound.com/sound-advi ... -recording

Re: Zoom R16 - Converting 44.1 to 48 kHz Sample Rate in Reaper

Posted: Tue Mar 20, 2018 9:50 am
by Emelody
Jim_Fogle wrote:
Mon Mar 19, 2018 12:32 pm
I would not convert as there is no benefit for you pr the mixing studio.

A professional studio should be able to import your files into their DAW or video editor without needing the files to be converted. 44.1 KHz is an audio standard while 48 KHz is a video standard. Every DAW and video editor I know of can work with both. Typically, file conversion is only performed one time and is the last step in the process since conversion adds some distortion and can create audible artifacts when not performed correctly.

A more important question is what bit depth did you select for your recordings? The R16 can record either 16‑bit or 24‑bit files even though the sample rate is fixed at the audio standard of 44.1kHz. Whenever possible you should record 24-bit audio files. That will provide the mixing studio with more than 250 times as much resolution as providing them the same file recorded at 16 bit depth.

A good overview of sample rate and bit depth is available at Tweakheadz: http://tweakheadz.com/16-bit-vs-24-bit-audio/

But what if the audio files are 16-bit depth, should you go back and re-record them at 24-bit depth? No. If you're satisfied with the recordings then let them be. The mixing studio can work with them. Here is an opinion from Sound-On-Sound magazine: https://www.soundonsound.com/sound-advi ... -recording
Thanks for your input. I just wanted to make sure none of my audio files will get degraded. I'll read the info you sent. Again, thank you.